"Gray-level reduction using local spatial features"
Computer Vision and Image Understanding, pp. 336-350, 2000
This paper proposes a new method for reduction of the number of gray-levels in an image. The proposed approach achieves gray-level reduction using both the image gray-levels and additional local spatial features. Both gray-level and local feature values feed a self-organized neural network classifier. After training, the neurons of the output competition layer of the SOFM define the gray-level classes. The final image has not only the dominant image gray-levels, but also has a texture approaching the image local characteristics used. To split the initial classes further, the proposed technique can be used in an adaptive mode. To speed up the entire multithresholding algorithm and reduce memory requirements, a fractal scanning subsampling technique is adopted. The method is applicable to any type of gray-level image and can be easily modified to accommodate any type of spatial characteristic. Several experimental and comparative results, exhibiting the performance of the proposed technique, are presented.